Compression garments are a key component in the management of lymphedema. The term “compression” refers to mechanical pressure exerted from the outside onto skin and tissue.

Key Facts about Compression Therapy

Compression therapy plays a central role in the treatment of venous edema and lymphatic disorders. It serves two main purposes:

  • to reduce swelling caused by fluid filtration in the tissues
  • to reduce venous reflux and venous hypertension

Special medical compression stockings and bandages are used to apply this pressure to the affected limb. Tissue repair in wounds of venous origin can also be improved with compression by reducing venous pressure. The skin and tissue are then under less strain and can be better supplied with nutrients, such as oxygen. Wounds of a purely venous origin can also be managed with compression therapy.

How can compression treatment help me with my venous disease?

Compression therapy for legs means wearing special medical compression stockings that come in different lengths and styles, to suit a variety of venous diseases and individual needs. So, why wear compression stockings? Because they help to normalize the blood flow, close venous valves better again, and ease typical problems such as heavy legs. For this reason, compression stockings may also help to reduce heavy, swollen legs during pregnancy or long days of sitting or standing at work. Compression therapy is also a good solution for people who regularly take long flights or journeys: compression stockings for travel are specially designed for this purpose.

Medical Compression for Lymphedema

Lymphedema is a disorder of the lymphatic system, whereby lymph fluid accumulates in the tissue space and is unable to drain properly due to physical damage to or abnormality of the lymphatic system. This causes swelling and discomfort in the affected limb. Compression treatment exerts pressure from the outside onto the tissue, increases the interstitial pressure, and supports fluid transport and recovery in the lymphatic system. Thereby fluid accumulation is counteracted, which helps to maintain the volume and shape of the affected body part of lymphedema clients.

Prevention with Compression

Compression garments can also be worn for pain relief and to prevent swelling of the legs. Preventative compression is particularly important for those with healthy veins and lymphatic vessels in reducing the risk of developing edema and similar conditions.